Cytopathology is a technical term used to describe a diagnostic procedure done by doctors of Parikshan on patients to examine or identify precisely, the root cause and type of disease.
Collection of samples from any body part is possible. The cells of a patient are collected, from various body sites either at Parikshan or under radiological guidance and analysed minutely under microscope in this process. With recent development in the medical field, the practice of cytopathology includes collecting samples from almost all body sites.
The morphologic examination of cells comprises of several other branches such as aspiration & exfoliative cytology, gynaecological and Non-gynaecological cytology.
- In Aspiration cytology, the sample cells are collected at Parikshan for examination with the use of fine needle aspiration/FNAC. This method involves utilizing a fine needle and is a quick, simple & less painful procedure.
- In Exfoliative Cytology, samples containing cells for examination are exfoliated, from the body surface of the patient.
- Gynaecological Cytology consists of Pap smear testing. Pap testing was the first cytopathology test utilized extensively for screening and diagnosing cervical cancer.
- Non-gynaecological cytology is mainly about testing bodily fluids, such as Urine, Cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid & ascitic fluid from abdominal cavity.
- Bronchioloalveolar lavage (BAL Cytology)
- Sputum cytology
- Urine cytology
- Body fluid cytology
- EUS Guided FNACs
- CT/USG Guided Aspirations